How to Prevent Osteoporosis Complications

How to Prevent Osteoporosis Complications

Living well with osteoporosis means understanding as much as possible about your condition. It also means working closely with a health care provider to choose the right treatment plan and make the right lifestyle changes to protect your bones.

Fractures are the main complication of osteoporosis. Here at Valerius Medical Group & Research Center in Los Alamitos, California, our rheumatology specialists Nathaniel Neal, MD, and Rebekah Neal-Kraal, MD, provide exceptional osteoporosis care. Our team can help slow bone loss, prevent osteoporosis from worsening, and lower the chances of developing complications, such as fractures.

Let’s discuss how you can lead a healthy life and protect your bone health. Here’s your guide to living with and managing osteoporosis. 

The basics of osteoporosis

An estimated 10 million adults aged 50 and older are living with osteoporosis. And while it’s normal to feel anxious after receiving an osteoporosis diagnosis, you can still live a fulfilling life with the condition.

There are things you can do and ways you can work with a health care provider to lessen the risk of developing complications. With the help of medication and lifestyle changes, most people with osteoporosis continue leading productive, active lives. 

Bones are made of living tissues that your body continually breaks down and regenerates. They have a honeycomb structure with small spaces. In osteoporosis, the spaces in the structure are larger than normal, creating porous bones that are weak, brittle, and break easily. 

The body breaks down bone faster than it replaces it in osteoporosis. This leads to accelerated bone loss. 

Managing osteoporosis

There are a number of medications that can be used to manage osteoporosis. Let’s discuss some of them here:


Bisphosphonates prevent the body from reabsorbing bone, which helps to slow bone loss. 

Examples include:

After 3-5 years of use, you might be able to stop taking bisphosphonates and continue to reap the benefits. Only women should use Boniva and Atelvia, whereas both sexes are permitted to use the other products.


Denosumab (Prolia®) is an injection that’s taken once every six months, and it’s available for men and women. It’s sometimes recommended when other treatments have been unsuccessful. 


Anabolic medications can build bone density. For postmenopausal women who have a high risk for fractures, romosumab-aqqg (Evenity®) has been approved. This medication promotes the growth of new bone and lessens bone deterioration. 

Once a month, you receive two injections, one immediately after the other. These injections can only be given for a year.

Teriparatide (Forteo®) and Abaloparatide (Tymlos®) are injectable parathyroid hormones that treat osteoporosis similarly to other hormones. 

Preventing fractures

Fractures in osteoporosis occur suddenly and unexpectedly. 

Stay active

You can greatly enhance your flexibility and balance by exercising regularly Additionally, it improves bone density and strength. In fact, resistance training slows bone loss and improves bone density. Making aerobic and resistance exercise a part of your lifestyle can go a long way in protecting your bones. 

Discuss supplementing

Calcium is essential for lifelong bone health and strength. You can make sure you get enough calcium every day by taking calcium supplements. Men and women up to age 50 should consume 1,000 mg of calcium each day, and women and men over age 50 should consume 1,200 mg.

Calcium absorption is significantly aided by vitamin D in the body. Calcium and vitamin D work together in a way that’s comparable to a key and a locked door. Calcium can enter your bloodstream thanks to vitamin D, which is the key that unlocks the door. 

The ability of our bodies to absorb calcium declines with age, making it even more crucial to consume enough vitamin D. Up until age 70, a daily intake of 600 IU of vitamin D is advised. Men and women over age 70 should increase their intake to 800 IU per day.

Dietary adjustments

Consuming too much salt can increase how much calcium your body excretes. To ensure that you retain enough calcium, it’s best to stick to a diet that’s low in sodium. This is beneficial for other reasons as well, given that excess sodium can contribute to other health problems, such as high blood pressure.

Also, getting enough protein in your diet helps to strengthen muscles and bones and keep you feeling healthy. Discuss your protein requirements with our team for individual recommendations. 

If you have osteoporosis, you aren’t alone. The compassionate providers at Valerius Medical Group & Research Center are here to help you navigate life with osteoporosis so that you can keep your bones as healthy as possible. 

To get the care you need, call 562-294-6533 to book an appointment with Valerius Medical Group & Research Center today.

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